Weather: High-pressure systems restricting moisture can cause droughts by causing sustained below-average precipitation.
Water shortages in rivers, lakes, and groundwater can cause drought due to lower precipitation and increased evaporation.
Human Activities: Agriculture, industry, and urban water overuse can worsen droughts.
Climate Change: Rising temperatures and changing precipitation regimes increase drought frequency and severity.
Drought reduces crop production, cause crop failure, and cost farmers money.
Drought reduces drinking, irrigation, and industrial water supply, producing shortages and competition.
Ecosystem Impact: Drought causes biodiversity loss, habitat degradation, and wildfire risk.
Social and Economic Impacts: Drought can cause food and water shortages, price hikes, social unrest, and economic burdens, especially in agricultural districts.
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