Central, visceral, or abdominal obesity is the accumulation of extra fat around the abdomen, particularly in visceral fat deposits around internal organs. This form of obesity greatly increases chronic illness risk.
Insulin resistance, which raises blood sugar, is caused by abdominal fat. Abdominal obesity is linked to insulin resistance, which is a major cause of type 2 diabetes.
Cardiovascular illnesses like coronary artery disease, hypertension, and stroke are linked to obesity.
Dyslipidemia, defined by high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol, is typically linked to abdominal obesity.
Abdominal obesity can cause insulin and cortisol levels to rise. Metabolic dysfunction and chronic disorders can result from hormonal abnormalities.
Chronic low-grade inflammation caused by abdominal obesity is connected to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and several malignancies.
Abdominal obesity increases the risk of obstructive sleep apnea, which stops breathing during sleep.
To lower the risk of these chronic diseases, abdominal obesity must be addressed by diet, exercise, and weight management. Early detection and intervention require regular medical checkups and risk factor monitoring.
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